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Friday. 5-year-old piece on de Quincey's 1849 farewell to express mail coaches.
Thursday. The Guardian, bless its cotton socks, gives space to a Cambridge politics don who suggests 6-year-olds get the vote. I remember the SPS students.
Wednesday. Britain develops pre-crime software. What could possibly go wrong?
Tuesday. First she was warned the EU would use the Ulster border trick. Now the Commons is onto May's deception (blocked by Safari?).
Monday. Non-stick frying-pans can shorten your stick
Sunday. Some days chilly, some days quite mild. People in high-viz jackets (blocked by Safari?) seem to be rioting in Paris. Much of it seems to be
Teacher's (blocked by Safari?)
But he shall rule like a Roman God!
Saturday. Times article (reg wall) says PM May was warned by attorney general about Irish-border EU trick.
Friday. Tasteful 'My New Vagina' confessional. Autonomous vehicles will lead to more sex in cars, say sex-in-cars boffins. Parasitologists claim cat owners more likely to be subs.
Thursday. Apparently, Himmler's daughter was a secretary for West German spies.
Wednesday. Science deniers: who hates evolution now?
Tuesday. US military seeks funds for EMF zap thing.
Monday. Pro-EU sedition & hysteria continue.
Sunday. A coffee with Folklore Edina as Robin & I drive out to Szeleveny towards dusk. Soothing emptiness in the one cafe, a single long dark room of tables and chairs. Three farmworkers drink quietly at the bar right at the other end. Light slowly drains out of a cloudy sky outside.
Saturday. After we drive out, a fascinating evening in Robin's countryside kitchen, hearing goatherd Laszlo explaining his Bela-Hamvas-influenced worldview of ancient tradition, Christianity, the Great Chain of Being, and the transcendent. Only science disturbs his serene perspective.
Friday. How the USSR stoked the Arab/Israeli conflict. Good to see Pavel still writing.
Thursday. Frizzy-blonde-haired Hungarian masseuse Icu is again in a room upstairs at the firm on Crypto Hill, easing back pain for whoever asks. I interpret for her when the petite high-profile investment-marketer Barbara from Switzerland, speaking only English & German, wants strained muscles in one arm eased. Icu needs some cream: for want of anything else I bring margarine from the fridge. Barbara cheerfully says it's absolutely fine - she'll wash it off later. I remark that everyone in the company is anxious to butter Barbara up but in the end it's Icu who actually does it. Barbara laughs heartily, and Icu, not following the joke, smiles earnestly.
Wednesday. Again, that blue-tinted bit of feedback-smothered moany melancholic electronica. Do the band's Sad-Rabbit costumes redeem the tune?
Tuesday. Electricity back on in Michael's flat. About a fortnight ago he played me this interesting snatch of German Parliament with English subtitles.
The AfD woman is lucid, reasonable, not remotely 'extreme'. "Instead of humbly acknowledging the result of a democratic referendum in a partner country and asking if you were to blame, Brussels was at once united. An example must be made. Britain must be punished. That is your policy."
Monday and morning light comes through cracks in the wooden shutters on the window of Robin's spare room. Four nights of good sleep have energised me. When you wake out of the dream journey, it should be like this - like easing to a halt in an expensive vehicle, slipping through the gears as it purrs to stop. Rested, crisp, alert, ready to rise from the bed.
Sunday. I sleep another night on Film-Maker Jessica's sofa and we chat of this and that. World's largest skyscraper (more accurately a 'groundscraper' as someone points out) will dangle upside-down from an asteroid? Nifty!
Saturday. Over at Jessica's I finally persuade her into us both watching the 1940s original version of 'The Cat People'. Though the plot is flawed in some places, and some of the dialogue is not quite believable, it's a powerful fantasy (about an East European woman), wonderfully evoked with suggestion and shadow. A couple of moments are perfectly judged: our dashing atheistic modern man of science, a handsomely tweedy engineer trapped in a night-time drafting room, picks up a set square to defend himself from the supernatural beast. Doing this accidentally casts the shadow on the wall of the holy cross in the light from an underlit work surface. The subtext about sex & animality is a proper subtext. The black-and-white film's sharp visual definition and the characters' stilted courtesy they think is hip & fresh captures an old-fashioned fragility about modernity.
Friday. Wake up in Robin's flat's spare room ready for a high-octane Friday. Typical word lengths in several languages: a handy chart.
Thursday. A big conference on Crypto Hill with investment and marketing people. A masseuse called Icu (Itsoo) is there in a room upstairs for anyone with back pain. She kindly works on my painful shoulders, declaring I have not ripped any tendons or shoulder-cuff stuff. No, only two dense knots of muscle, she declares, forcing them out partly with her knuckles, recommending I must follow up with more sessions. I get back into town to find flat dark and a note on door from Michael saying the power has been cut off and the electricity meter removed.
Wednesday. Resource for taking on large organisations.
Tuesday. Troubled day. The worst year was AD 536? Dinner with jolly Zoe & Mark in the evening relieves the pressure a little.
Monday. A week or two ago, I was walking through some woods, wet leaf mould aroma in the air and piles of vivid yellow or orange leaves sitting in mist under the frosty trees, when a car pulled past, the driver waving at me. It was a rather dishy business contact, and as she parked I walked round to her car door. I looked down into the car as we chatted. She was sitting in the driving seat batting long eyelashes, putting high-heeled shoes on for her office. This act forced her to squirm in her seat, her frock riding up her thighs to show lacy stocking tops for a few seconds before she casually brushed her skirt back down. A charming moment, strangely Victorian.
Fascinating piece about how the Mesmer scandal originated double-blind studies.
Sunday. Armstice Day. 5 things Marx wanted to abolish.
Saturday. Daily Mirror announces the End Times.
Friday. Two months since Robin got the news that Piera in a fit of despair a day or two earlier threw herself off her Italian balcony on her birthday and died. That was the weekend he decided to drive out through Slovenia to attend her funeral just on the Italian side of the Slovene border, picking up Gio from Rio at Ljubljana airport.
Thursday. A poetically horrible article: a woman explains why I no longer phone my mother. The New Left! Via Diane & Anthony.
Wednesday. Brewery trying to make money to brew beer using a specific Czech girl's vaginal yeast. Yummy! Scroll down for the promotional video's wonderfully just-off English.
Tuesday. More panpsychism: perhaps consciousness is a frequency effect?
Monday. A UN statistical body reports that Britain was the world's second highest destination for foreign investment, second only to China, first half of 2018: Brexit still "complete disaster" for business confidence then. The Guy Fawkes celebration of traitors foiled more topical than ever.
Sunday. Based on observed acceleration, some astronomers suggest an alien light sail just passed through the solar system.
Saturday. Apparently lots of Islamic computer hackers are "obsessed with gay porn" and sending each other pictures of their todgers.
Friday. Portugal, our oldest ally, breaking ranks with euroweasels?
Thursday. In the end, don't take Michael down to the cemetery by night to see this year's candlelit Day of the Dead. Instead we stay in, nattering. Meanwhile, here's a lawyer discussing Trump's wish to abolish birthright citizenship.
Recent weblog entries
Who can translate the next 300 words into
us and there will be revelry.
Languages dying out each week
- who cares?
We do - otherlanguages.org is gradually building a reference resource for over five thousand linguistic minorities and stateless languages worldwide.
Thousands of unique language communities are becoming extinct. Out of the world's five to six thousand languages, we hardly know what we're losing, what literatures, philosophies, ways of thinking, are disappearing right now.
We may soon regret the extinction of thousands of entire linguistic cultures even more than we regret the needless extinction of many animals and plants.
The planet is increasingly dominated by a handful of major-language monocultures like Mandarin
Chinese, Hindi, Arabic, Indonesian, Urdu, Spanish, Portuguese,
English, Swahili, Russian, Cantonese Chinese, Japanese, Bengali - all
beautiful and fascinating languages.
But so are the 5,000 others.
These are groups of people?
Linguistic minorities are communities of ordinary people whose native tongue is not their country's main official language. Swedish speakers in Finland, French speakers in Canada, Hungarian speakers in Slovakia - and hundreds more - are linguistic minorities.
And totally stateless languages are the native languages of some of the world's most intriguing, little-known, cultures. Like the Lapps inside the Arctic Circle, the Sards in Sardinia, Ainus in Japan. Cherokee in the US, Scots
Gaelic in Britain, Friesian in the Netherlands, Zulu in South Africa.
There are only a couple of hundred recognised sovereign states and territories, so 5,000 languages - more depending on how you count - are the native tongues of linguistically stateless people.
How could I help?
You don't need to learn an endangered
language - any more than go to live in the rainforest to help slow its destruction.
A good start is to just tell friends
about websites like this.
Broader public interest makes it easier
for linguists to raise funds and organise people to learn these languages while there's time.
That's right. There are people who love languages and are happy to learn them on behalf of the rest of us, but they need support, just like zoologists, botanists, or historians.
Fewer languages still sounds good to me
Depends what you think languages are for. They're not just a tool for business. We never said you should learn three or four thousand rare languages - or even one. And which ones we make children learn in school, or whether we should force children to learn languages at all, is another question.
Typical scene in a European city;
Chances are, folk here speak some sort of foreign
A century ago - before we understood
ecology, and when we cared less about wilderness, most educated
people would have laughed at the idea of worrying about plants or
animals going extinct. Now we understand how important species diversity
is for our own futures, we are more humble, and more worried.
In the same way, linguistic triumphalism by English-speakers who hated studying foreign grammar at school is dangerously ignorant as well as arrogant. Few of us know what we are losing, week by week.
How many people realise these languages have scientific value?
You can think of these languages across the planet as beautiful cathedrals or
precious archeological sites we are watching being destroyed. That
should be motive enough.
But these five thousand languages may
also hold clues to the structure of the human mind. Subtle
differences and similarities
between languages are helping
archeologists and anthropologists to
understand what happened in the hundreds
of centuries of human
history before written history. And
that is one of our best chances of understanding how human brains developed over the thousands of centuries leading up to that.
Wireless radio can be a great comfort to those unable
to leave the
textbooks in which they live *6
Study of the mind and study of language go hand in hand these days. The world's most marginal languages are actually precious jigsaw pieces from an overall picture of who we are and how our species thinks and evolves. Every tiny language adds another brightly-coloured clue to this academic detective story.
Yet researchers have hardly started sifting through this
tantalising evidence, and language extinction is washing it away right in
front of us.
And worst of all, most people have no idea that there is this
fantastic profusion of cultures across our world, let alone that
they are in danger of extinction. Even just more people learning that
there are still five thousand living languages in the world today (most
of us would answer five hundred or fifty) is already a huge help.
We English-speakers hardly notice English - it's like air for us.
But every other language is also an atmosphere for an entire cultural world,
and each of these worlds has people whose home it is. Each language encapsulates a unique way of talking and thinking about life. Just try some time in a foreign prison, being forced to cope in another language, and you'll realise how much your own language is your identity. That's true for everyone.
Minority languages are a
One of the most basic.
Dozens of millions of people worldwide suffer persecution from national governments for speaking their mother tongue - in their own motherland.
Many 'ethnic' feuds puzzling to
outsiders had as their basis an attempt to destroy a linguistic community.
Would the Northern Ireland dispute be quite so bitter if we
English had not so nearly stamped out the Irish Gaelic language, for
example? Almost nowhere in the world does a language community as
small as the few thousand Rheto-Romanic speakers - the fourth
official language of Switzerland - get the protection of a national
government. Next time you see some Swiss Francs, check both sides of the
But outside exceptional countries like
Switzerland or the Netherlands, speakers of non-official
languages have a much less protected experience.
Speakers of minority languages are often seen as a threat by both the governments and the other residents of the countries where they were born, grew up, and try to live ordinary lives.
They experience discrimination in the job and education markets of their homelands, often having no choice but to pursue education in the major language of the host state: a deliberate government policy usually aimed at gradually absorbing them into the majority culture of that country.
Mighty oaks from tiny acorns grow, of course *7
Most governments are privately gleeful each time another small
separate culture within their borders is snuffed out by a dwindling
population or a deliberately centralising education system.
The United Nations is no help. It is an association of a couple of hundred sovereign states based on exclusive control of territory, almost all of them anxious to smother any distinct group or tradition that in any way might blur or smudge the hard-won borders around those pieces of territory.
The usual approach by sovereign states is to deny their linguistic minorities even exist.
Mark Griffith, site administrator /
*1 image from , with thanks
back up to top of page
*2 "Al-Araby" in written
*3 "What?" in American Sign
Language; image from , with thanks
*4 "Big" in written
(read more); image from , with
*5 image from , with
*6 image from , with
*7 image from
'B?ume', with thanks to
Bruno P. Kramer,
and Franckh-Kosmos Verlag
Wednesday. A few days ago was at the pricey city-centre supermarket nearby in the evening. The pastry counter is not manned most of the time, so I call out "Good day!" in a hopeful voice, hoping someone in the back corridor the counter is linked to will hear. Another customer, a big-shouldered older Hungarian man in a long coat with twinkly humorous eyes, glances over and corrects me. He murmurs "Morning" with the object ending: "Reggelt". He's effectively saying "Good morning, you mean!", suggesting with one word the staff are all asleep. Not having heard him, the shop woman appears bristling. She glares at us blackly as he cheerfully asks for this and that pastry. She can feel he is genially mocking her, sharing some private joke with me. She's all the more livid for not quite being sure what the joke is.
On the topic of jokes, a child at a school in England asks social media "Why is there a 30-year-old man in our maths class?"
Tuesday. Old 2017 article seriously suggests secret ballot should be abolished to stop people voting for Trump.
Monday. Perhaps one of the small, yet also big, changes over the last few months has been a switch on my part to grapefruit-flavoured toothpaste. No pricier than the normal kind. Not sure what the homeopathic bit does.
Sunday. Utilitarian-by-default asks should autonomous cars kill babies or grandmothers. Fascinating to see quite bright people totally missing the point.
Saturday. A couple of weeks ago, before Michael's return from South Africa, curious noises sometimes echoed round the empty flat at night. Many times I woke up convinced someone else was in the other room, only slowly realising that creaking floorboards and sounds of footsteps were from other flats up through the ceiling or nearby on this floor. For several days a Russian couple with an enormous blonde-haired toddler boy they clearly adored were in the next-door apartment. I still have trouble guessing children's ages but this could have been a vastly-enlarged child of 14 or 15 months or a very placid, infant-like 2-year-old. I met him one day with his happy parents and tried to greet the good-looking child. Huge Baby regarded me in silence with regal calm, almost princely indifference. Sometimes that week through the wall I'd hear him saying isolated syllables at different times of day or night, not urgent or angry or whining. Rather than that, he would pronounce firm, clear opinions on new things he encountered each day in the world around him, declaiming: "Boof!", "Zhu?", "Gnn!", "Fimp?", "Zubzub". It was like Adam naming the animals.
Echoey tune, rather self-consciously meant to be haunting with bittersweet photo - partly succeeds: The Trip.
Friday. Cloudy overcast day with some shafts of autumn sunshine. Woman police officer in New York angrily stuffs her panties into a male colleague's mouth because he was criticising her.
Thursday. Back on the crypto hill where, after climbing upwards a thick fog appears two bus stops from the end, as if a cloud is sitting precisely on top of the leafy Normafa mount. I step out into it, the closest thing to Scotch mist I've seen outside Scotland: a mass of tiny hovering raindrops wandering around looking for things to wet.
A reasonable article about Cultural Marxism, followed by an article heavily under the influence of Cultural Marxism. The interesting thing about the second piece is that it's by Mark Zuckerberg's sister. She seems to feel anyone she dislikes invoking ancient Greece or Rome is underhand and wicked.
Wednesday. Two films about Yukio Mishima, the popular Japanese novelist who in 1970 tried to mount a military coup against his country's government, and then cut his stomach open when soldiers in the barracks refused to join his putsch. The more recent first interviews two Americans with thoughtful things to say about Mishima's novels and his politics, and the second is a BBC Arena programme from the 1980s.
Tuesday. Hungary commemorates the mass demonstrations in 1956 that intimidated Soviet military divisions into leaving the country for a fortnight. Robin throws a small party to mark the day. Some policemen try to make me pay to enter his street, but an older officer realises I'm not lying and escorts me to the door of Robin's building. The small party themed around cheese and sausages takes advantage of him having a balcony about fifty yards from where Viktor Orban speaks to the crowd just outside the old secret-police torture chambers. After the historic moment has passed and we can concentrate on eating and drinking, I read some Tarot spreads for Makeda & Erika.
Monday. Startlingly, the Saudis now seem to agree that pro-Muslim-Brotherhood journalist Mr Kashoggi disappeared in their Istanbul Consulate under less-than-wholesome circumstances. Our contributors zerohedge have news of a strange car crash related to the incident.
Sunday. Some natter about how we now have assassination markets.
Saturday. A few days before Michael got back the other week, I felt a strange warmth in the flat and went round turning off the radiators. A curious chugging sound began in his windowless bathroom, as if the building was slowly steaming north and a ship's engine were hidden somewhere throbbing behind the tiled walls. Turns out I switched on an extractor fan for several days. Here's a slightly snarky piece called Survival of the Richest. Not so much left-wing in tone, as simply assuming that everyone reading it is left-wing as a matter of course.
Friday. Intriguing fringe-science moment from online contact Dave. Today bringing you Exotic Vacuum Object Generation.
Thursday. Lurid tale of a screaming journalist being dismembered alive with a bone saw inside a Saudi consulate in Turkey.
Wednesday. Clever new thin lens.
Tuesday. Back at the start-up firm in the Buda Hills. Lots of tasty pastry in the kitchen there. Meanwhile, outside the East Bloc, here are some women who got themselves a feminist look. Exercise for the reader, identify the one woman where the After pic looks better than the Before.
Monday. Curious, plausible claim that power harms people's brains.
Sunday. Intriguing New York Times archive piece on the rising star of then office-block developer Donald Trump, reprinted exactly as it first appeared in the 1980s. Startled by the sheer mass of typos - at least 40 spelling mistakes. "All the news that's fit to misprint" might be a better motto judging by this article.
Saturday. Not so much sex with the cow as the miniature horse detail that struck me.
Friday. Interesting piece about the revolving public/private door that EU commissioners go through. Not that working for Brussels is really "public sector". Something more sui generis - working for the meta-state? Fairly early in morning pick up exhausted Michael from airport, after his overnight flight from Johannesburg via Istanbul. I'm in a parked bus asking the driver about tickets back to town when I notice Michael is outside being helped up by a stranger, his suitcase having toppled off the kerb. A very weary thin smile creeps across the lemon-like face of the bus driver as he gazes down on the small mishap in front of his vehicle.
Thursday. Discussion of BBC climate-crisis bias.
Wednesday. Finally someone says the totally obvious about driverless cars - they'll be weaponised.
Tuesday. Finished the Erle Stanley Gardner book I bought secondhand in the ugly sunken 1960s disc of concrete shops next to the Southern Railway Station last week. Doubly interesting because it is a mid-1960s British Penguin paperback in good condition with a price in shillings and pence (not cover shown!), and (although I'm sure I read at least one Erle Stanley Gardner sleuthing thriller while chugging through my mother's detective-novel collection) it was a mystery featuring his lawyer hero Perry Mason. I don't believe I ever read a Perry Mason story before. That name's overlaid in my memory by snatches of some 1960s TV series about that character, as a sort of silver-haired solid-chested smoothie moving in the world of commercial jet airlines and chunky desk phones with buttons. I can remember as a boy being startled to find, after watching Roger Moore on black-and-white television as 'The Saint' flirting with sexily sinister girls in mini-skirts, and then borrowing some of the stories from the public library, that Charteris was writing them in the 1930s, then a vanished age of antique strangeness for me. The actual written stories often visited tweedy, wood-panelled gentlemen's clubs, and felt halfway back to Sherlock Holmes. Likewise I now find Perry Mason is a prewar literary character. This book originally written around 1938, features people travelling back from Hawai'i on a cruise ship, a journey with at least one night at sea. Most of the English seems almost normal, with the exceptions of one or two passages of slang. That's when it's suddenly clear that nothing goes out of fashion faster than fashion. For example, on page 18: "Oh, she's a kick. She's an observing kid, and chuck full of life. She's modern, impatient of all sham and pretence, and isn't too affected to show enthusiasm. She's as full of bounce as a rubber ball." 'Observing' instead of 'observant' particularly jumps out. Meanwhile, nowadays using the word 'affected' itself sounds like an affectation. From boyhood I have the dim memory, perhaps not him, of reading that Gardner was once put by his publisher in a department-store window prewar with a chair and desk pounding away on a manual typewriter to produce his latest detective novel under the curious eyes of passing shoppers on the street. The puzzle is nicely worked out, but I had the sense in a few places that he'd learned how to write books very quickly. Not quite on autopilot, but something close.
Monday. Why do Scots and Welsh nationalists yearn to be absEUrbed?
Sunday. Inspiring story: a black teenager from a poor home locates the richest bit of London, and goes up and down streets ringing doorbells, politely asking people there how they got wealthy and what he should do to be like them.
Saturday. In the apartment of film-maker Jessica (she is 2 days back from Atlanta) I fail to get her radiator switched on for the winter, but by chance am there exactly when the senate hearings of Judge Kavanaugh finish. Jessica and I listen to the live vote, punctuated by screaming from protestors in the gallery, and then she kindly downloads 'CQ' so we can watch it together on her big screen while munching very tasty Mexican burritos from the late-night stall on the corner. We both agree the film is not so good (she recalled the negative reviews from the time - around 2001 - but didn't tell me so I wouldn't be put off), and the whole shaggy-dog plot of finding an ending for the film-within-the-film mars the film it's within as well. I explain that the bit from the trailer that made me want to see it was a Frenchman in a turtleneck thrusting his face into the camera and saying "What's the story? What's the structEURE? Do you zink you are clevEUR!?" I expected better music. Felt CQ was (at least started out as) an attempt to mix 'Modesty Blaise', 'The Thomas Crown Affair', and 'Blow-Up'. A combo well worth doing if it had even half succeeded.
Friday. Seems many people still haven't seen the famous Russian menstrual-hygiene ad.
Thursday. I get a super-basic beginner's poker tutorial (I don't even know the card combinations) from kind Eike in the Corvin shopping-mall food court. Perhaps "food attic" is more accurate, since it's the top floor.
Wednesday. With sandpaper & lemon juice, have almost got the stain out of Michael's wooden parquet floor caused by a rubbish bag sitting there and leaking during the 18 nights I was locked out of his flat. The mild fever, coughing, slight snuffle I've had about 2 weeks, soon after getting back into the flat and replacing the broken lock now got me, Gentle Reader might be relieved to learn, to shift off the floor onto the bed, and interrupt the cold-bath regimen.
Tuesday. In almost every large town now, you cannot stand at a kerb waiting to cross the road without standing on an array of little lumps, either from bobbly cement tiles or metal studs poking up through the pavement. While these bobbles are obviously helpful for blind people to know where the edge of the road is, it is a bit odd that now as a matter of course the other 99.5% of the population have to have studs hurting our feet through the soles of our shoes to help the non-seers.
Here's a page for supposedly a new political party in Britain. Seems they are getting no media coverage.
Monday. Still only a few weeks ago in late August, was still so hot that I was sometimes going in the middle of the night for an extra cold bath in Michael's bathroom. The bath is half-concealed in a sort of slot at the back, where if no lights are switched on, it's possible to have a bath lit only by the ghostly blue glow of the idling water boiler's pilot flame or signal lamp. Yet during the day, the unlit bathroom looks completely black.
Interesting story of Chinese industrial espionage
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